NORTHERN  WATER SNAKE

Nerodia sipedon

The Northern water snake is a nonvenomous colubrid they can be brown, grey, reddish or brownish-black in colour.

The pattern contains dark crossbands on the neck and dark blotches on the rest of the body, it can resemble the cotton mouth in appearance, one of America’s venomous species!

As they age, the colour darkens, and the pattern becomes obscure and some individuals will become almost completely black.  

The belly varies in colour and can be white, yellow, or grey, usually it also has reddish or black crescents

The northern water snake can grow up to 135 cm (4 ft 5 in) in total length, average total length of females was 81.4 cm (2 ft 8 in) while that of males was 69.6 cm (2 ft 3 in). 5 to 5.33 oz)

The largest females can weigh up to 560 g (20 oz) while the largest males can scale 370 g (13 oz).

The northern water snake is found throughout eastern and central North America, from southern Ontario and southern Quebec in the north, to Texas and Florida in the south.

Like all Water snakes they are active during the day and at night.

It is most often seen basking on rocks, stumps, or brush. During the day, it hunts among plants at the water's edge, looking for small fish, frogs, worms, leeches, crayfish, salamanders, small birds and mammals.

It hunts using smell and sight.